Jaspers, Karl

   Jaspers was educated at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. He stayed on at the university to teach until he was forced to resign by the Nazis. Although he was reinstated after the Second World War, he ended his career at the University of Basle. He is remembered as a Christian existentialist. Influenced by the writings of both Kierkegaard and nietzsche, he described philosophy as a ‘way of thought by which man seeks to become himself’ and as a means of illuminating ‘the Ground within us and beyond us, where we can find meaning and guidance’. He did not accept that Jesus Christ was the sole means of salvation, but he insisted that religious myths serve the function of bringing humanity in touch with the transcendent. Among his works translated into English are Myth and Christianity (written with Rudolf bultmann), Truth and Symbol and Philosophical Faith and Revelation.
   A.M. Olson, Transcendence and Hermeneutics: An Interpretation of the Philosophy of Karl Jaspers (1979);
   P.A. Schlipp (ed.), The Philosophy of Karl Jaspers (1957);
   C.F. Wallraff, Karl Jaspers: An Introduction to his Philosophy (1970).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Jaspers, Karl — ▪ German philosopher Introduction in full  Karl Theodor Jaspers  born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz.  German philosopher, one of the most important Existentialists in Germany, who approached the subject from man… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl —    (1883–1969)    Jaspers was born in Oldenburg in northern Germany, studied law, qualified in medicine in 1908 at Heidelberg, then from 1908 to 1915 served as a part time assistant at the Heidelberg psychiatric clinic under Franz Nissl; he… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883 1969)    philosopher; among the founders of existen tialism. Born in Oldenburg in East Frisia, he studied law before taking a medical doctorate in 1909 at Heidelberg; he then worked at Heidelberg s psychiatric hospital as a research… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883–1969) German existentialist theologian. Born in Oldenberg in Germany, Jaspers began his career as a medical student. From 1921 to 1937 he was professor of philosophy at Heidelberg, but was removed by the Nazis, and although reinstated in… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • JASPERS, Karl — (1883 1973)    German EXISTENTIALIST philosopher. Practiced in psychiatry and then moved via psychology to philosophy, finally accepting a professorship at Heidelberg in 1921. He was ousted from his post during the Nazi era but returned after the …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Jaspers, Karl — See Religion ( …   History of philosophy

  • Jaspers, Karl — ► (1883 1969) Filósofo alemán. Iniciador de la filosofía existencial alemana. Su primera obra importante, Psicopatología general (1913), ofreció una nueva clasificación de las enfermedades mentales. Su concepto de la existencia se basa en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaspers, Karl (Theodor) — born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz. German Swiss philosopher and psychiatrist. As a research psychiatrist, he helped establish psychopathology on a rigorous, scientifically descriptive basis, especially in his… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl Theodor — (1883 1969)    The most famous German existentialist after Heidegger, Jaspers, who started out in medicine before turning to philosophy, distanced himself from his illustrious predecessor. His magnum opus was the three volume Philosophy (1932),… …   Christian Philosophy

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